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Septic Tanks and Cesspools
According to the site Plumbing Basics, here is the difference between a septic tank and a cesspool:
“There are two types of private-sewage disposal systems in use today. One is the cesspool, the other is the septic tank. Of the two, the septic tank is by far superior, and in many localities it is the only system endorsed by law.
The cesspool is considered outdated today. Its principal advantage lies in the fact that it is a simple and inexpensive installation. The system consists of a large hole in the ground that is lined on the inside with rocks or concrete blocks laid without mortar. The sewage from the house flows into this tank and the liquids filter through openings in the rocks or blocks and are absorbed into the earth. The top of the cesspool is provided with a tightly fitting concrete lid to keep out insects and vermin.
The major drawback to this type of disposal system is that it can easily contaminate wells or nearby water supplies. The liquids that are absorbed by the ground are tainted, and slowly but surely the earth surrounding the cesspool eventually becomes contaminated.
A septic-tank sewage disposal system makes it possible for farm and suburban families to enjoy the comforts and conveniences of urban plumbing. A system properly de-signed, built, and operated provides safe, convenient, and inoffensive disposal of household and human wastes. It consists of a house drain, a house sewer, a septic tank, an outlet sewer, a distribution box, and a disposal field.
The house drain carries the sewage from plumbing fixtures to the sewer line outside the house. This is made of 4″ cast iron soil pipe with leaded joints and extends about 5 feet beyond the foundation’s wall. It has a clean out at the point where it connects with vertical pipe from the plumbing system.
The septic tank is connected to the house drain with a line of pipe called the house sewer. If home laundry equipment or a cellar drain is installed below the level of the house sewer, a separate dry well or sump pump will be needed.
The house sewer is usually built of 6″ bell-and-spigot sewer pipe. All joints should be thoroughly filled with a mortar composed of 1 part portland cement, 3 parts mortar sand, and enough water to make a plastic mix. When properly made, such joints will normally keep out roots. Sometimes, as a further precaution against root penetration, a mortar band 1″ thick and 3″ wide is made around the joint.” Read Source
Cesspools and Septic Tanks: In Conclusion
In conclusion, whether you are dealing with a problem with your septic tank or your cesspool, call a qualified septic pumping service to fix it.
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Royal Flush Septic Pumping
3644 Tweed Ct.
Wasilla, AK. 99623